Hub members Have many expertise, covering most of the fields in bioinformatics and biostatistics. You'll find below a non-exhaustive list of these expertise
Searched keyword : Microarray
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Grâce à la plateforme PF2 à Pasteur, nous avons réalisé une étude de microarray ( Affymetrix Genechip Mouse Gene 2.0 ST Array) avec les fibroblastes de souris. Pourriez vous SVP nous aider à analyser ces données?
A long-term mission for an assigned CIH-embedded bioinformatician to provide bioinformatic support to the CIH community
The Center for Human Immunology (CIH) supports researchers involved in translational research projects by providing access to 16 different cutting edge technologies. Currently, the CIH hosts over 60 scientific projects coming from 8 departments of the Institut Pastuer and 5 external teams. In order to respond to the growing needs of these projects in the area of single cell analysis, the CIH has introduced a significant number of single-cell/single-molecule technologies over the past 2-3 years. These new technologies, such as the Personal Genome Machine (PGM) and Ion Proton sequencers, iSCAN microarray scanner, Nanostring technology for transcriptomics profiling and real-time PCR machine BioMark, give rise to large datasets with high dimensionality. Such trend, in terms of data complexity, is also true for flow cytometry technologies (currently reaching over 20 parameters per cell). The exploration of this data is generally beyond the scope of scientists involved in translational research projects. In order to maximize the research outcomes obtained from the analysis of these rich datasets, and to ensure that the full potential of our technologies can be served to the users of the CIH, we would require a proximity bioinformatics support. A CIH-embedded bioinformatician would: 1) design and implement standard analysis pipelines for each of the data-rich technologies of the CIH; 2) provide regular ‘bioinformatics clinics’ to allow scientists the possibility to customize standard pipelines to their specific needs; 3) run trainings on the ‘R software’ platform and other data analysis tools (such as Qlucore) of interest for the CIH users. The objective would be to empower the users to run exploratory analysis by themselves, and to teach good practices in terms of data management and data analysis.
ANALYSIS OF TRANSCRIPTIONAL MODULATIONS RELATED TO CELL DEATH PROCESSES IN MURINE BONE-MARROW DERIVED MACROPHAGES AND DENDRITIC CELLS INFECTED BY LEISHMANIA AMAZONENSIS
Aim : In vitro infection of innate immune cells by L. amazonensis (L.am.) seems to be associated to an increase in resistance to cell death of infected cells. This project aims at deciphering the impact of in vitro L. amazonensis (L.am.) amastigotes infection on cell death processes including apoptosis, autophagy, pyroptosis and necroptosis in different host cells, i.e. Bone-marrow- derived macrophages (BMDMs) and dendritic cells (BMDCs) after one day of infection. Material : RNA samples were obtained from control and infected BMDMs (BALB/c mice) or BMDCs (BALB/c, C57BL/6 and DBA/2 mice) after their sorting by Fluorescence Activated- Cell sorting. For BALB/c BMDCs, amastigotes were also added to cells in presence of immune serum to trigger their opsonization. Samples were analysed a few years ago at the « Plateforme Transcriptome et Epigénome » with the Affymetrix technology. RNAs from BMDMs and BMDCs were analysed with the Affymetrix Mouse430_2 GeneChips and the Affymetrix Mouse Gene ST 1.0 arrays respectively.
assess the faisability of the chip analysis to our samples from laser capture microdissection of the mouse intestine, of diverse quality and preparation levels
Listeria monocytogenes is a gram-positive bacterium responsible for the food-borne disease listeriosis. This pathogen can invade and replicate in the cytoplasm of both macrophages and non-professional phagocytes. In order to better characterize the host response to Listeria, we are using microarrays to identify genes and cytokines up or downregulated during infection.
Skeletal muscle stem cells constitute a population of cells with heterogeneous properties. Interestingly, muscle stem cells have a remarkable capacity to regenerate muscle fibres after regeneration. We are performing a molecular analysis of these stem cells.
The post-translational modification by SUMO is an essential regulatory mechanism of protein function that is involved in most challenges faced by eukaryotic cells. Gene expression is particularly regulated by sumoylation as many SUMO substrates are transcription factors and chromatin-associated proteins, including histones. The emerging paradigm for the proposed work is that sumoylation controls multiple aspects of chromatin structure and function in response to external cues. According to this view, sumoylation is expected to impact both global and specific transcriptional programs thereby affecting constitutive and inducible expression of both coding and non coding genes. Recently, we found SUMO as an integral and instructive component of chromatin in cell growth, senescence and cancer, thus establishing sumoylation as a new and paradigmatic chromatin modification. This work now paves the way for detailed understanding of the contribution of SUMO as a multifaceted modifier of chromatin.
Comparative analysis of transcriptomic and proteomic data to study RNA and protein expression regulation during RVFV infection in mice.
In order to study a differential regulation of RNA and protein expression level during Rift valley fever virus (RVFV) infection in a murine model, we want to compare transcriptomic and proteomic analysis.
We have identified a candidate gene associated with increased resistance to a pathogen. This gene is poorly annotated in public databases. To get insight into its function we are focusing on genes that are co-expressed with this candidate gene in various datasets, including microarray collection on various mouse tissues or in a given tissue across inbred strains of mice. Indeed, coexpression is one of the central idea in gene expression analysis. The 'Guilt by association' principle states that gene coexpression might indicate shared regulatory mechanisms and roles in related biological processes. We have established lists of genes that are co-expressed in various tissues, and in collection of individuals with different genotypes. We are willing to get graphical representation giving a compact overview of genes that are coexpressed with our candidate gene.
Blood cells were collected in the field from patients admited in the Ebola treatment center of Macenta (Guinea). After red cells lysis, blood cells were frozen and RNA was extracted after the shipment of samples in France. Despite poor RNA quality, Affimetrix chips have been performed and transcriptomic data are available. The aim of this study is to compare the transcriptomic data from patients who survived and those who died and also to perform a kinetic analysis of the infection in the two groups of patients. Samples from febrile patients who were not infected with Ebola virus have been used as negative controls.
DNA encapsulation of human resources for research projects on immune system and inflammatory diseases
Freezing is the most commonly used method for storing DNA extracts. However, that method is non-practical and expensive, since requiring freezers and back-up generators for storage, and specific conditions/reagents for transport. In addition, even when adequate procedures are followed, the frozen extracts integrity might suffer from repeated freeze-thaw cycles or residual microorganism activity. The Institut Pasteur’s ICAReB platform hosts the biological collection related to the CoSImmGEn cohorts (Cohort and Collection to Study the Immune System with its Genetic and Environmental determinants) since 2011 (see related team publication 1). Those cohorts have been designed for providing large, duly annotated, qualified blood-derived bio-resources such as blood peripheral mononuclear cells, DNA and RNA from healthy subjects or cases suffering from diseases such as Hidradenitis Suppurativa to support genetic studies linked to the immune system (see related team publication 2 et 3). To provide over the long term genomic DNA for any kind of future genetic studies searching for immune system etio-pathogenesis, the ICAReB platform has used a newly developed DNAshells® (Imagene) which ensure nondestructive, reliable and long-term stability of DNA at low-cost (Clermont et coll, Biopreserv Biobank, 2014). That technology involves encapsulation of the genomic material such that it can be stored dry at room temperature, in small, watertight, oxidation-proof metal capsules. The first aim of the present project is to determine if SNP genotyping allows the detection of DNA damage during storage in various conditions. The second aim of the project is to demonstrate that encapsulation allows an optimal storage of human blood derived DNA at room temperature.
Despite the success of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) to treat HIV-1-infected individuals, the persistence of a viral reservoir remains an obstacle to a cure. Characterization of the antibody repertoir