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Searched keyword : Leptospira
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Identification of Transcription Start Sites and small RNAs in Leptospira interrogans by transcriptome analysis
Leptospiral promoter regions are poorly characterized: experimentally proven transcription factor binding sites have not been described in the literature and promoter prediction algorithms and E. coli consensus sequences of DNA motifs are not appropriate for Leptospira. Identification of Transcription Start Sites (TSS) and promoters on a global scale will provide essential information on DNA motifs that are targets of RNA polymerases, sigma factors and transcription factors. RNA sequencing will also provide information on small regulatory RNAs. These small (~30-500 nt) non-coding RNAs (sRNAs) are an emerging class of post-transcriptional regulators which play a variety of important roles in many biological processes. Studies on sRNA regulation of gene expression in Leptospira are currently in their infancy. Our results will provide new insights into the transcriptional landscape of L. interrogans, including the repertoire of sRNA, and it will establish the foundation for future experimental work on gene regulation.
Recently 6 strains of Leptospira kirschneri ser grippotyphosa have been sequenced, assembled and annotated. These strains possess 99% genome similarity, but their provenance, virulence and growth characteristics remains different. We would like analyze the SNP of each strain using the SynTView/SNPView tool.
Pathogen leptospires are responsible for the zoonotic disease leptospirosis. This neglected but emerging infectious disease has a worldwide distribution and affects people from developing countries, mostly under tropical areas. The clinical manifestations of this infection range from a febrile state to a severe life-threatening form characterized by multiple organ hemorrhages. More than one million cases of leptospirosis are currently reported annually in the word, with 10% of mortality. During infection, Leptospira are confronted with dramatic adverse environmental changes such as deadly reactive oxygen species (ROS). Defenses against ROS, e.g. peroxidase activity, are crucial for Leptospira virulence. These defense mechanisms are controlled by PerR (Peroxide stress Regulator), which represses peroxidase-encoding genes. We study the role of PerR regulators in Leptospira virulence and adaptation to oxidative stress.
Research of SNPs to explain the non virulent phenotype of a mutant of L. interrogans serovar Manilae L495 affecting the expression of a protein not involved in virulence
We are studying mutants of L. interrogans obtained after random mutagenesis (M58) along with complemented mutant strain (C5M58), constructed using a secondary random mutagenesis. The M58 mutant was found non virulent in gerbils and mice, but the C5M58 strain showing restored expression of the protein, is also non virulent. We have another mutant strain (M1901) in the same gene that retained its virulence, which is the expected phenotype. We are interested in findings SNPs present in both mutant M58 and complemented C5M58 strains that are absent from the parental L495 and M1901. This approach could give hints about the gene(s) involved in the loss of virulence.
- The Institut Pasteur genomic taxonomy database of microbial strains (“Pasteur MLST”) is a free, publicly-accessible resource that hosts nucleotide sequence-based definitions of microbial strains, al
Pathogen leptospires are responsible for the zoonotic disease leptospirosis. This neglected but emerging infectious disease has a worldwide distribution and affects people from developing countries, m