Project #12106
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#12106 : An Aedes albopictus-driven epidemiological prediction for arboviral diseases outbreak in Europe
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Name of Applicant : Pei-Shi Yen
Date of application : 13-08-2018
Unit : Arboviruses and Insect Vectors
Location : Nicolle, RdV, room 05
Phone : 0144389127
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Project context and summary :

As a result of combined climate change and globalization (increased flow of travelers and goods), the distribution of the mosquito Aedes albopictus is expanding significantly outside tropical regions. Ae. albopictus has already established stable colonies in 20 European countries ( Being the main mosquito that can be incriminated in the transmission of chikungunya, dengue, and zika viruses in Europe, Ae. albopictus were responsible for the first autochthonous cases in France and Italy. Accordingly, the European countries that are infested with Ae. albopictus are under the risk of arboviral diseases outbreak. The vector competence analysis of European Ae. albopictus is pivotal for evaluating the potential risk of diseases transmission. In this study, we analyzed the viral susceptibility of several European Ae. albopictus populations from Croatia, Greece, Montenegro, Italy, Switzerland, and also China (as a control), for chikungunya, dengue, and zika viruses. The results indicated that the European Ae. albopictus were able to transmit chikungunya and dengue viruses whereas they were not an efficient vector for zika virus.

Related team publications :
Fontaine A, Lequime S, Moltini-Conclois I, Jiolle D, Leparc-Goffart I, Reiner RC Jr, et al. (2018) Epidemiological significance of dengue virus genetic variation in mosquito infection dynamics. PLoS Pathog 14(7): e1007187.
Kraemer UG Moritz, Sinka E Marianne, Duda A Kirsten, Mylne QN Adrian, Shearer M Freya, Barker M Christopher, et al., (2015) The global distribution of the arbovirus vectors Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus, eLife 4:e08347 DOI: 10.7554/eLife.08347
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Status : Closed
Publication : 10.1038/s41598-019-54395-5
Global Satisfaction for this application : Excellent (5/5)

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