Project #6311
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#6311 : Nanotherapeutics for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
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Name of Applicant : Ludovic Tailleux
Date of application : 25-05-2016
Unit : Mycobacterial Genetics
Location : Calmette - 3rd floor - room 14
Phone : 01 45 68 88 77
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Project context and summary :

Tuberculosis (TB) still remains a major public health problem with estimated 9 million incident cases and 1.5 million deaths in 2014 (WHO, Global Tuberculosis Report 2015). More worrisome is the emergence of multi drug resistance (MDR), or even extensively resistant (XDR) M. tuberculosis strains worldwide. The standardized treatment of pan-susceptible tuberculosis is the administration of two antibiotics (rifampicin and isoniazid) for six months, accompanied by two additional antibiotics (pyrazinamid and ethambutol) for the first two months. Although very efficacious, this treatment is very demanding due to the duration and the possible side effects. The treatment of MDR-TB is less standardized, with more toxic and poorly tolerated drugs, resulting in lower cure rates. Therefore, we need not only more molecules with antimycobacterial activity, but also, we urgently need new strategies to increase our therapeutic arsenal for treating MDR-TB. Only three new drugs, bedaquiline, delamanid and PA-824 have been tested in phase2/3 clinical trials.

In this context, the european funded project NAREB has been created. It brings together 14 partners from 8 EU Member and Associated States, and it aims to (i) screen different combinations of antibiotic drugs with nano-carriers (lipid, polymeric, biopolymeric) with and without targeting ligands, (ii) coload antibiotics in order to develop innovative therapeutic combination therapies (iii) test in vitro and in vivo the best therapeutic combinations. In particular, we will analyze more in-depth the effect of bedaquilin, new TB drugs and nano-carriers on the host/bacterial transcriptome using RNAseq.

Related team publications :
Mycobacterial infection induces a specific human innate immune response. Blischak JD, Tailleux L, Mitrano A, Barreiro LB, Gilad Y. Sci Rep. 2015 Nov 20;5:16882
Extracellular adenosine triphosphate affects the response of human macrophages infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Dubois-Colas N, Petit-Jentreau L, Barreiro LB, Durand S, Soubigou G, Lecointe C, Klibi J, Rezaï K, Lokiec F, Coppée JY, Gicquel B, Tailleux L. J Infect Dis. 2014 Sep 1;210(5):824-33.
Deciphering the genetic architecture of variation in the immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Barreiro LB, Tailleux L, Pai AA, Gicquel B, Marioni JC, Gilad Y. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Jan 24;109(4):1204-9.
Service Delivery
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Project Type : Short
Status : Closed
Publication : 10.1186/s12951-018-0439-x

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